IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 48 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.01.2170
Open Access Case Report
A case of rectal injury due to vaginal pipe misinsertion during total laparoscopic hysterectomy
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shimane University, 685-0005 Shimane, Japan
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Hamada Medical Center, 685-0005 Shimane, Japan
*Correspondence: (Kentaro Nakayama)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2021, 48(1), 194–197;
Submitted: 29 May 2020 | Revised: 22 July 2020 | Accepted: 28 July 2020 | Published: 15 February 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is one of the techniques feasible for the treatment of myoma. Our department has performed more than 1,000 laparoscopic hysterectomies since 2014. In our department, these surgeries are performed by a supervising doctor, operator, and a first assistant who is often insufficiently experienced. There are several types of injuries that can occur during laparoscopic surgery; however, cases in which the vaginal pipe is inserted incorrectly are very rare. Here, we report the case of a 47-year-old nulliparous woman who experienced a rectal injury caused by the misinsertion of a vaginal pipe into the rectum. Seven years prior, she had undergone a myomectomy for leiomyomas. Later, she developed recurrent leiomyomas and worsening hypermenorrhea; therefore, she underwent a total laparoscopic hysterectomy. During the operation, the first assistant usually inserts a vaginal pipe into the vagina when the vaginal wall is cut. In this case, when the vaginal wall was cut, the vaginal pipe was inserted into the rectum, and the rectal wall was incised, allowing communication between the rectum and vagina. The rectum was repaired with the support of a gastroenterological surgeon, and the operation was completed laparoscopically. On the 7th postoperative day, an enema was performed to confirm that no leaks were present, and feeding was restarted. The patient was discharged home on the 17th postoperative day. The current case highlights the necessity of surgeons to be aware of various factors when performing this procedure to prevent complications, even those that are rare.

Uterine leiomyoma
Rectal injury
Total laparoscopic hysterectomy
Fig. 1.
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