IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 47 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2020.06.5355
Open Access Case Report
Tuberculous peritonitis with elevated serum CA125 levels mimicking peritoneal cancer
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan
*Correspondence: (YASUNORI HASHIGUCHI)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2020, 47(6), 994–996;
Submitted: 29 August 2019 | Accepted: 28 October 2019 | Published: 15 December 2020
Copyright: © 2020 Taniwaki et al. Published by IMR Press
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license

Background: Tuberculosis can spread to the peritoneum through the gastrointestinal tract via mesenteric lymph nodes or directly from the blood, lymph, or fallopian tubes. Tuberculous peritonitis can mimic pelvic or intra-abdominal malignancies, making the diagnosis of this disease difficult. Case: A 32-year-old female presented with tuberculous peritonitis that mimicked peritoneal cancer. Our patient presented with general fatigue, weight loss, and diarrhea, which had started 3 months prior. On examination, a thickened peritoneum and ascites, without bilateral adnexal masses, and elevated serum CA125 levels were detected. Peritoneal cancer was initially considered as the most likely diagnosis. An exploratory laparoscopy was performed, and a thickened peritoneum and whitish miliary nodules scattered throughout the abdominal cavity, including the surface of the uterus and adnexa were found. The pathological examination of the frozen resected nodule specimen showed an epitheloid granuloma. We diagnosed the patient with tuberculous peritonitis, which was established postoperatively. Conclusion: If peritoneal cancer is suspected in patients without abnormal cytology of the ascites, early exploratory laparoscopy should be performed to rule out tuberculous peritonitis in the differential diagnosis of patients with peritoneal cancer.

Tuberculous peritonitis
Peritoneal cancer
Figure. 1.
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