Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Objective: To evaluate pelvic floor muscle (PFM) thickness in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) group and compare it to those with normal menstrual cycle (control group). Materials and Methods: Transperineal ultrasound examination was used to evaluate the thickness of the bilateral pelvic floor muscles Results: The mean age was 25.1 ± 2.1 and 24.2 ± 1.9 years in PCOS and control groups, respectively (p > 0.05). Body mass index averaged 22.5 ± 0.9 in the control group and 27.8 ± 2.6 in the PCOS group (p = 0.03). There was no difference between the thickness of the pelvic floor muscles (PCOS group: right 1.12 ± 0.5, left 1.0 ± 0.6 and control group: right 0.89 ± 0.6 and left 0.94 ± 0.4. Conclusions: There was no differences in pelvic floor muscle thickness identified by ultrasound. However, the PCOS group exhibited a tendency to greater thickness. This may be due to the state of hyperandrogenism or abdominal overload.