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Laparoscopic abdominal cerclage after radical vaginal trachelectomy
L. Meglič1, *, M. Čavič1, T. Tomaževič2, B. Kobal1, B. Cvjetićanin1, A. Možina1, M. Barbič1, Š. Smrkolj1
1 Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Human Reproduction, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2017, 44(3), 343–346; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog3192.2017
Published: 10 June 2017
Background: The incidence of cervical cancer (CC) in Slovenia in 2011 was 13.2 per 100,000 women. The treatment of early stages of invasive cervical carcinoma involves several surgical techniques. In this article the authors would like to present a new combination of two methods which help to preserve fertility and to improve pregnancy outcome. The first procedure, radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT), begins with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy. All suspicious lymph nodes are sent to frozen section. If those lymph nodes are negative, the procedure continues vaginally. Almost the entire cervix is removed with parametria and vaginal cuff. Permanent cerclage stitch is applied and covered with vagina on what is left of uterus. Second procedure, laparoscopic abdominal cerclage (LAC), begins with pneumoperitoneum. Mersilene tape is introduced in the abdominal cavity and placed through the visceral peritoneum at the isthmic part of the uterus with a Berci’s needle. It is knotted and remains permanently. Materials and Methods: For the first procedure all the patients with confirmed cervical carcinoma (FIGO Stage IA1 , IA2 , and IB1) and with the desire for fertility were recruited. For the second procedure, all the patients after RVT and after miscarriage after 14th week of gestation were recruited. Results: RVT was performed in 15 patients and laparoscopic abdominal cerclage in three of them (21.5%). All three patients achieved pregnancies and after 36th weeks of gestation delivered by cesarean section (100%). Conclusions: RVT alone is an indication for LAC. Considering its success, LAC should be performed before any miscarriage.
Radical vaginal trachelectomy
Laparoscopic abdominal cerclage