Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis (Swyer syndrome) is a rare cause of disorder of sexual development. It is a genetic aberration characterized by a 46,XY karyotype which are phenotypical females, with female genitalia at birth, and normal Mullerian structures. The condition usually becomes apparent first in adolescence with delayed puberty and primary amenorrhea. Herein the authors present the case of a 27-year-old woman with primary amenorrhea and undeveloped breasts. The patient had pure 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis with hypoplastic uterus, estrogen treatment for amenorrhea, and no neoplastic changes on the histopathology report. The authors highlight the high risk of neoplastic transformation of the patient with gonadal dysgenesis, and 46, XY karyotype should be referred for bilateral gonadectomy. Once the diagnosis of Swyer syndrome is established, early treatment is crucial to prevent the development of gonadal malignancy and to enable a normal sex life, and even carry a fetus in an immature uterus.