IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 43 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog3142.2016

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
Is urinary incontinence during and after pregnancy related to family history? A web-based survey among postpartum women (motherfit project)
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht
2 School for Public Health and Primary Care: CAPHRI, Maastricht
3 Amsterdam Medical Center (AMC), Amsterdam
4 Fysio Papendrecht, Papendrecht
5 Pelvic Care Center Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht
6 Deptartment Medical Humanities, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam (the Netherlands)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2016, 43(2), 203–208; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog3142.2016
Published: 10 April 2016
Abstract

Purpose of investigation: The authors studied whether family history of urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with pre- and postpartum UI. Materials and Methods: In 2010, Dutch postpartum women at three months were approached to fill in a Web-based questionnaire on UI and risk factors (body mass index, BMI), parity, pelvic organ prolapse, and family history. Results were analyzed with Chi-square and logistic regression analyses. Results: 162 (61%) questionnaires were analyzed, 76 (47%) women reported UI before, during and/or after pregnancy, of which 34% also reported a UI family history. Sixteen (19%) out of 84 women without UI reported UI family history (p = 0.05). BMI was associated with prepartum UI (p = 0.035), but the association disappears when adding family history. Women with unknown UI family history had higher risk for postpartum UI. Conclusion: UI family history is associated with UI during pregnancy. More awareness and research is needed whether adding family history questions on UI in prepartum consultations improves timely prevention.
Keywords
Urinary incontinence
Family history
Hereditary
Pregnancy
Postpartum period
Body mass index
Prevention
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