IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 42 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog1700.2015

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Case Report
Late postpartum hemorrhage due to placental and fetal membrane residuals: experience of two cases
A. Luo1,2,3P. Mao1,2,3,*
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha
2 School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha
3 Key Laboratory of Medical Information Research, Central South University, College of Henan Province, Changsha (China)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2015, 42(1), 104–105; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog1700.2015
Published: 10 February 2015
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the cause and preventative measures of late postpartum hemorrhage resulted from placental and fetal membrane residuals. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis on 161 cases of late postpartum hemorrhage resulting from residuals of placenta and fetal membrane from 2002 to 2012. Results: Among the 161 cases, there were 148 cases of vaginal delivery and 13 cases of cesarean section delivery. One hundred twenty-one cases (4.77%) of placental and fetal membrane residuals were present in 2,535 cases of pregnant women with history of abortion; 40 cases (2.01%) of placental and fetal membrane residuals were found in 1,989 cases of pregnant women without history of abortion. Conclusion: Placental and fetal membrane residuals are the major cause of late postpartum hemorrhage. Repeated abortion will increase the incidence of late postpartum hemorrhage resulting from placental and fetal membrane residuals.
Keywords
Late postpartum hemorrhage
Residual
Placental and fetal membrane
Management
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