Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Cite this article
Type of delivery and self-reported postpartum symptoms among Iranian women
1 Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
2 Department of Midwifery, Fatemezahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
3 Department of Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad (Iran)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2013, 40(1), 144–147;
Published: 10 March 2013
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between mode of delivery and self-reported postpartum among women eight weeks postpartum. A cross-sectional study was conducted on postpartum women with symptoms. A total of 300 individuals over 16 years (155 with normal vaginal delivery and 145 with elective cesarean section) from ten primary healthcare centers in an urban area of Amol, Mazandaran, Iran were selected using a clustering random sampling technique. A standard questionnaire named Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) was used to assess depressive symptom. Most women (98.3%) reported at least one postpartum symptom at eight weeks postpartum. The most prevalent postpartum symptoms were excessive tiredness or fatigue (72.2%), pain (65.7%) and backache (61.3%). There was a decrease in percentage of occurrence of sexual problems (p = 0.009) with elective cesarean section at postpartum was founded. Compared with women having vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery women were more likely to report headaches (OR = 2.5; CI = 1.493, 4.289) and less to report sexual problems (OR = 0.594; CI = 0.362, 0.975) during postpartum. It would be useful to provide a defined standard for postpartum care and apply regular postpartum visits in primary health care centers, hospital, and home visits and restricting mediolateral episiotomy.