IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 31 / Issue 4 / pii/2004081

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Case Report

Pregnancy despite imminent ovarian failure and extremely high endogenous gonadotropins and therapeutic strategies: Case report and review

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1 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Camden, NJ (USA)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2004, 31(4), 299–301;
Published: 10 December 2004
Abstract

Purpose: To attempt ovulation induction in a woman with premature ovarian failure who had very high serum follicle stimulat­ing hormone (FSH) levels (e.g., 164 mIU/mL) by merely using ethinyl estradiol without gonadotropins. Methods: Ethinyl estradiol (20-40 µg) was used to lower serum FSH. Monitoring of follicular maturation was performed using sonography to determine follicle size and serum estradiol. Progesterone vaginal suppositories (200 mg twice daily) were used following demonstration of oocyte release from the follicle. Results: Follicle maturation and ovulation was achieved in six of ten treatment cycles. A clinical pregnancy occurred in the ninth treatment cycle and a live delivery of a helathy baby accurred. Conclusions: Despite small ovaries, amenorrhea, and failure to have withdrawal menses following progesterone, absence of antral follicles on initial ultrasound, and consistently extremely high serum FSH, ovulation and pregnancy is possible by merely lowering the serum FSH.

Keywords
Ethinyl estradiol
Premature ovarian failure
Hypergonadotropism
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