Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Effect of antagonists vs agonists on in vitro fertilization outcome
Purpose: To compare outcome following in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) using controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) regimens using either the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist leuprolide acetate vs the GnRH antagonist ganirelix. Methods: Women needing IVF for conception were randomly assigned to 300 IU of gonadotropins with ganirelix used in the follicular phase when a follicle with a 14 mm average diameter was attained vs a regimen using leuprolide acetate from the mid-luteal phase of the previous cycle. Results: There were no differences found in clinical, ongoing, delivered pregnancy rates or implantation rates between groups. Conclusions: The use of GnRH antagonists do not seem to reduce IVF outcome compared to using GnRH agonists in COH regimens.